For most of rural Cambodians, the concept of organic or chemical-free agriculture is relatively new. Yet, interest is growing, and Cambodia, an agriculturally centered economy, is ripe for developing an organic vegetable industry.
In contrast to conventional agriculture, organic farmers trust and work along with nature. As much as possible, they enhance natural processes, so it’s unnecessary to apply any chemical input while the crop is growing. Organic farmers strive to improve and maintain the fertility of their land using sources in their farm. They accomplish this by: recycling crop residues; through applying compost and manure; by planting green manure crops.
Contrary to conventional farmers, who apply synthetic nitrogen fertilizers directly to the crop, organic farmers nurture the soil, so it will provide the crop with necessary nutrients. Generally, organically-managed soils are more fertile and have a greater capacity to retain water. In case of drought, crops in fertile soils can still survive much longer and often still produce acceptable crops.
Cambodia’s main agricultural products are rubber, rice, timber, cotton, cashew nuts, and tobacco, which are mainly for export. Other agricultural products (which are mainly for local consumption) include maize, beans, cassava, nuts, vegetables and fruits, such as, bananas, tomatoes, tamarind, pineapple, guava, mangoes. These crops were promoted for agro-processing by TCO team in order to add value to the farmers’ products in the targeted area. They will serve as additional food for locals and generate more for farmers, in a healthy, eco-sensitive way.
TCO conducts various agriculture trainings including:
– Fish-raising, eel-raising, frog-raising, etc.
– Chicken, ducks, pigs and relevant livestock, etc
– Solid and liquid composting techniques
– Earth worms, termites, etc.
– Organic vegetable production training, oyster mushroom and rice straw mushroom growing technique training.
For more photos, see our 500px gallery.